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| Published 28. 11. 2012. 13:56 | RSS

20 years of Internet in the Republic of Croatia

On 17 November 1992, the first Croatian Internet connection to the world was established by the Croatian Academic and Research Network – CARNet project, thus inaugurating the age of the Internet in the Republic of Croatia.

At the end of 1991, activities began organising a network that would enable the communication of every researcher or student with all other researchers in the Republic of Croatia and the entire world. As early as in September of 1992, the first FTP and IRC servers were set up, and on 17 November 1992 the first Internet connection between Croatia and the rest of the world was set up. Croatia was then connected via Austria, at the speed of 64 kbps, and the country's institutions were connected at a speed of 19-200 kbps.

The first institutions to be included in the National Research and Education Network and to use the international Internet connection were the College of Economics and Business in Osijek, the College of Electrical Engineering in Zagreb, the College of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Shipbuilding in Split, the Ruđer Bošković Institute, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics in Zagreb and the College of Engineering in Rijeka.

Via a public computer, Internet access was enabled to all citizens of Croatia, making CARNet the only ISP in the Republic of Croatia for several years. With a lot of resourcefulness, combining the existing infrastructure and new equipment, the core of the CARNet network was built, which today expanded to 239 member institutions from the academic community connected at 450 locations (34 of which are institutions from the health care system), and 1,388 member institutions from the school system connected at 2,041 locations, with connection speed levels from 2 Mbps to 10 Gbps. CARNet is also very active within the GÉANT and other EU funded projects, as well as in the cooperation with international organizations like TERENA and RIPE.

CARNet still manages the national top-level .hr domain.