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The histroy of GÉANT


The first generation of the pan-European network starts with the launching of the four-year GÉANT project in November 2000. Initiators of the project were the European Commission and National Research and Education Networks of European countries. The project was financed by the European Commission's Research and Development Programme and the Consortium of National Academic Networks. The result of this project was the pan-European research and education network which was put into operation in December 2001, connecting about 3000 research and education institutions in more than 30 European countries, and at that time representing the most highly developed computer communication network of its kind in the world. CARNET also participated in this project and got the opportunity to connect to the GÉANT and to host the GÉANT node in Zagreb. 


The GÉANT 2 project was a big international project of upgrading the then pan-European research and education network. GÉANT 2 started as a part of the 6th Framework Programme - FP6, of the European Union, with the aim of improving the infrastructure at gigabit data rates and introducing advanced applications into academic networks during a four-year period. This was the first integrated FP6 project which Croatia had joined, and 31 European academic networks (NRENs), the TERENAand DANTEinternational organisations and the European Commissionalso participated in the project. Integrated projects involve performing particular planned project activities throughout Europe, which achieves better international connection and develops international cooperation.

The total value of the project was 191.32 million euros, of which 93 million euros were provided by the European budget through the FP6 programme. The project was realised through a model of work represented by NA (Networking Activities), JRA (Joint Research Activities) and SA (Specific Service Activities).

The GÉANT 2 project enabled high-quality and intense involvement of the Croatian scientists and researchers in international research projects, and the connection of Croatia and Croatian scientists with the European research (ERA) and higher-education  area (EHEA).

The pan-European network enables the improvement of network infrastructure at gigabit data rates and the introduction of advanced applications into European academic networks. The pan-European network is intended for education and research through National Research and Education Networks.

GÉANT is the largest network ever built for the purposes of the European academic community, to which it offers access to a wide range of sources of information and experts, by means of a high-quality connection with research organisations in North America, Japan, Latin America, Africa and Asia. GÉANT to a large extent simplifies the process of global cooperation and makes the world's largest community of researchers (over 3 million).  

For more information on the project, visit

GÉANT 3 project

The GÉANT 3 project was launched in April 2009. It is supported and financed by the European Union with 93 million euros through the 7th EC Framework Programme, a special research and technology development programme. It was intended as a follow-up to the GÉANT2 project and represents the third generation of GÉANT. The planned duration of the project is 4 years, and 36 European countries are involved. 

The main feature of the GÉANT 2 project was its revolutionary development technology, whereas the GÉANT 3 is designed to be revolutionary in the construction of services which will be provided to users.

The focus of the GÉANT 3 project is the development of Service Activities (SA), i.e. activities developing specific services. These service activities will be supplemented by Joint Research Activities (JRA). Project mission is building an innovative multidomain hybrid network infrastructure which provides the scientific and research community and its users with flexible, scalable and high-quality services through partner research and education networks.

Work on the project has been divided into three categories of activities:

SA- Service Activities

SA1: Network architecture procurement and operations
SA2: Multidomain network service operation
SA3: End user services
SA4: Software Governance

JRA- Joint Research Activities

JRA1: Future network
JRA2: Multi domain resources and services
JRA3: Enabling communities

NA- Network Activities

NA1: Project Management
NA2: Joint dissemination and outreach
NA3: Status and Trends
NA4: Liaison and support

As part of the above activities within the project, CARNET employees, in cooperation with the SRCE University Computing Centre employees, have been involved in the work of the following working groups: SA2 T3, SA2 T4, SA3 T2, SA3 T3, SA3 T4, SA4 T1, SA4 T2, JRA1 T3, JRA3 T1, JRA3 T2.

For more information on the project, visit